NAME: Carolyn Hickman
eRA COMMONS USER NAME (credential, e.g., agency login): chickman
POSITION TITLE: Child Neurology Nurse Practitioner/Nurse Scientist
EDUCATION/TRAINING (Begin with baccalaureate or other initial professional education, such as nursing, include postdoctoral training and residency training if applicable. Add/delete rows as necessary.)
INSTITUTION AND LOCATION
FIELD OF STUDY
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Child Health Nursing
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
I have experience conducting a randomized controlled trial with teens and parents via an NIH-funded F31 training grant in which I served as PI with my mentor Dr. Bernadette Melnyk. I have disseminated my findings through publication and podium presentations. I am also recognized as an expert in the use of cognitive behavioral therapy in headache management within my institution.
My research focuses on health promotion and illness prevention in teens with chronic headaches through use of a brief cognitive behavioral skills building intervention designed to help teens establish and maintain healthy lifestyle behaviors. I am excited to continue my research to promote cognitive restructuring to enhance healthy lifestyle behaviors in adolescents with chronic headaches. My proposed research is exploring the impact of a brief cognitive behavioral skills building intervention on headaches in teens following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), which is also known as concussion. It is known that the two most common sequelae following a mTBI are headaches and depression. Other sequelae include sleep disturbance, poor quality of life, anxiety, functional disability, and decrease family functioning. I am enthusiastic regarding the prospect of an intervention that will promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in this population of teens thereby, improving their overall well-being and functional ability. I plan to explore the impact of the intervention on headaches primarily and secondarily on the aforementioned variables in this population of patients. I will also examine the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention to both the teens and their parents. Specifically, I plan to compare differences between an intervention group and matched attention controls. My doctoral and predoctoral experience, specifically with use of Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment interventions (COPE) in teens, have broadened my understanding of the thinking, believing, and behaving triad, which ultimately suggests that that an individual’s beliefs affects how he/she will cope with a health condition. I have continued to gain experience with COPE interventions through my utilization of the COPE/HEP in teens with chronic headaches through my clinical role. My role of the proposed project is that of PI.
Positions and Honors
Professional Certifications & Memberships
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, State of Arizona
National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners - National
National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) - State
East Valley Pediatric Society
Association of Child Neurology Nurses
Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honor Society
Council for Advancement of Nursing Practice
American Headache Society
1980-1982 Charge Nurse, Richland Memorial Hospital, Columbia, SC
1982-1983 Medical-Surgical Staff Nurse, Allendale County Hospital, Fairfax, SC
1983-1987 Nurse Manager, Bon Secours Hospital Pediatric Outpatient Clinic, Methuen, MA
1987-1988 Public Health Nurse, Child Lead Program, Massachusetts Dept. of Public Health, Boston, MA
1988-1991 Staff Nurse, Greenville Memorial Hospital Outpatient Clinic, Greenville, SC
1991-1994 Professional Practice Director, Phoenix Children’s Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
1994-1998 Director, Quality Improvement, Phoenix Children’s Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
1998-1999 Coordinator, Community Outreach, Phoenix Children’s Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
1999-2001 Clinical Director, Scales Health Clinic, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
1998-2001 Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Primary Care, Ahwatukee Pediatrics, Phoenix, AZ
2002-Present Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Neurology, Phoenix Children’s Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
2012-Present Neuroscience Researcher, Phoenix Children’s Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
2013-Present Clinical Assistant Professor, College of Medicine – U of A, Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ
2016-Present Clinical Assistant Professor, College of Nursing- U of A College of Nursing, Tucson
2019-Present Director, Advance Clinical Practice
Contributions to Science
I developed and tested a brief cognitive behavioral skills building headache specific intervention to improve outcomes (e.g. anxiety, depression, headache disability, beliefs, and headache frequency, duration, and severity) in adolescents with chronic daily headaches. The underpinnings of the intervention were the concept of thinking, feeling, and behaving and internal locus of control. Findings indicated multiple short and long-term positive outcomes for the COPE/HEP teens in comparison to the attention control teens, including less anxiety, increase beliefs about ability to manage their headaches, and less frequency of headaches. In addition, I found that a brief COPE/HEP skills building intervention is feasible and acceptable to adolescents with chronic daily headaches along with their parents. I, along with some of my physician colleagues, have integrated COPE/HEP in our management of teens with chronic, persisting headaches.
Hickman, C., Jacobson, D., & Melnyk, B. (2015). Randomized controlled trial of the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effects of a cognitive behavioral skills building intervention in adolescents with chronic daily headaches: A pilot study. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 29(1), 5-16.
Complete List of Published Work in My Bibliography
Additional Information: Research Support and/or Scholastic Performance
Ongoing Research Studies
Hickman, C. & Sabb, D. (In progress). The impact of weather varies on migraine headaches in adolescents.
Hickman, C. (In progress). The level of anxiety, depression, and self-worth in adolescents with chronic daily headaches.
Other Research Support
Sponsor: National Institute of Health – Nursing Dates: August 2010 - August 2012
Title: A randomized controlled trial of the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effects of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention in adolescents with chronic daily headaches and mild depressive symptoms.
Role: Principal Investigator
Sponsor: St. Luke’s Charitable Trust Dates: 1998-1999
Title: Barriers to accessing healthcare for underserved populations in South Phoenix
Role: Principal Investigator