Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae, PhD, RN, FAHA

Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae, PhD, RN, FAHA
Associate Professor
College of Nursing
Room Number: 

Research and Clinical:

Research and Clinical Interest: 
cardiovascular disease prevention and risk factor reduction,
Tai Chi exercise,
physical activity among diverse groups of adults,
falls and fall risk in stroke survivors,
physical and cognitive function in older adults
Clinical Expertise: 
Research & Scholarship: 
  • The Atherosclerotic Disease VAscular FunctioN and GenetiC Epidemiology (ADVANCE) study
  • The Wellness Interventions for Self Enrichment (WISE) study
  • Tai Chi Exercise for Stroke Survivors Study
  • Tai Chi Exercise and Cardiac Rehab Study
  • Arizona Frailty Cohort Study
  • Fall Prevention among Stroke Survivors and Older Adults
All Funding: 
Funding Source
A Virtually Supervised Web-Based Home Exercise Technology For Older Adults
Fall Risk in Stroke Survivors: A Feasibility Study
Laurence B. Emmons Research Award, College of Nursing
Tai Chi and Guided Autobiography for Remediation of Age-Related Cognitive Decline
Measuring the Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Functioning, Quality of Life, and Exercise Behavior in Stroke Survivors
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar Grant
The effect of Tai Chi on physical functioning and health-related quality of life among stroke survivors
American Heart Association National Scientist Development Grant
Tai Chi as an adjunct physical activity for adults > 45 years old enrolled in phase III cardiac rehabilitation
College of Nursing, Research Start-up Funds
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Training Program
Postdoctoral Fellow
Tai Chi for Ethnic Chinese with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
Nurse-Administered Mouth Care
Kwong Wah Hospital ICU, Hong Kong
Cervical Screening and Cancer: Health Behaviours, Beliefs, and Knowledge
Department of Nursing, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Nursing Interventions on Chinese Patients' Anxiety Prior to Cardiac Catheterization
Health Services Research Committee, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong
Positioning After Coronary Angiography
Hong Kong University Research Initiation Grant
in press

Webber-Ritchey, K. J., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Insel, K. C. & Loescher, L.J. Physical Activity among African American Parents of Young Children: Roles of Personal and Environmental Factors. International Journal of Sport Psychology, in press.

Miller, S.M., & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The Association between Tai Chi Exercise and Safe Driving Performance among Older Adults: An Observational Study. Journal of Sport and Health Science, in press.

Ćwiękała-Lewis, K.J., Gallek, M. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The Effects of Tai Chi on Physical Function and Well-being Among Persons with Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, in press.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Mohler, M.J., Najafi, B., & Coull, B.M. Objective Fall Risk Detection in Stroke Survivors using Wearable Sensor Technology: A Feasibility Study. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 23(6):393-399, 2016.

Miller, S.M., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Insel, K. C. The Association of Physical Activity, Cognitive Processes and Automobile Driving Ability in Older Adults: A Review of the Literature. Geriatric Nursing, 37(4):313-20, 2016.

Mohler, M.J., Wendel, C.S., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Toosizadeh, N., Najafi, B. Motor Performance and Physical Activity as Predictors of Prospective Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults by Frailty Level: Application of Wearable Technology. Gerontology, 62(6):654-664, 2016.

Argenbright, C.A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Loescher, L.J. Bowenwork for Symptom Management of Women Breast Cancer Survivors with Lymphedema: A Pilot Study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 25:142-149, 2016.

Sit, J.W.H., Chair, S.Y., Choi, K.C., Chan, C.W.H., Lee, D.T.F., Chan, A.W.K., Cheung, J.L.K., K.P., Tang, S.W., Chan, P.S., & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Do Empowered Stroke Patients Perform Better at Self-Management and Functional Recovery after a Stroke? A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 11: 1441-50, 2016.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Chi Exercise for Fall Prevention in Older Adults. Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, 21(1): 14-20, 2016.

Giroud, X., Miramontes, M., Powell, M., Heasley, B., Taylor-Piliae, R. & Mohler, J. Dual Task Challenge- A Novel Addition to Community-Based Fall Intervention Programs. Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, 21(1): 8-11, 2016.


Kraus, W., Bittner, V., Appel, L., Blair, S., Church, T., Després, J.P., Franklin, B., Miller, T., Pate, R., Taylor-Piliae, R., Whitsel, L., & Vafiadis, D. The National Physical Activity Plan: A Call to Action. Circulation, 131(21):1932-40, 2015.

Schwenk, M., Mohler, J., Wendel, C., D'Huyvetter, K., Fain, M., Taylor-Piliae, R., & Najafi, B. Wearable Sensor-Based Assessment of Gait, Balance, and Physical Activity for Discrimination of Frailty Status: Baseline Results of the Arizona Frailty Cohort Study. Gerontology, 61(3): 258-67, 2015.

Keller, M.L, Gallek, M.J. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Predictors of Stroke Survivors’ Enrollment in an Exercise Study. Healthy Aging Research 4:18, 2015. (doi:10.12715/har.2014.4.18)


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Hoke, T., Hepworth, J.T., Latt, L.D., Najafi, B., & Coull, B.M. The Effect of Tai Chi on Physical Function, Fall Rates, and Quality of Life Among Older Stroke Survivors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(5): 816-24, 2014. [AHA/ASA 2014 Stroke Article of the Year Award]

Miller, S.M. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Effects of Tai Chi on Cognitive Function in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Review. Geriatric Nursing, 35(1): 9-19, 2014.

Wayne, P.M., Walsh, J.N., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Wells, R.E., Papp, K.V., Donovan, N.J., & Yeh, G.Y. The Impact of Tai Chi on Cognitive Performance in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62(1):25-39, 2014.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Ji Quan as an Exercise Modality to Prevent and Manage Cardiovascular Disease: A Review. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 3: 43-51, 2014.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Boros, D. & Coull, B.M. Strategies to Improve Recruitment and Retention of Older Stroke Survivors to a Randomized Clinical Exercise Trial. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease, 23(3): 462-8, 2014.

Hickey, K., Hodges, E., Thomas, T. L., Coffman, M.J., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Johnson-Mallard, V.M., Goodman, J.H., Jones, R. A., Kuntz, S., Galik, E., Gates, M.G., & Casida, J.M. Initial Outcomes of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars (RWJF NFS) Program. Nursing Outlook, 62(6): 394-401, 2014.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Hepworth, J.T. & Coull, B.M. Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 28(5): 460-7, 2013.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Silva, E., Sheremeta, S.P. Tai Chi as an adjunct physical activity for adults aged 45 years and older enrolled in phase III cardiac rehabilitation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 11(1):34-43, 2012.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Coull, B.M. Community-based Yang-style Tai Chi is Safe and Feasible in Chronic Stroke: A Pilot Study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 26(2):121-31, 2012.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Latt, L.D., Hepworth, J.T., Coull, B.M. Predictors of Gait Velocity Among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors. Gait and Posture, 35(3):395-9, 2012.


Hansen, C.A. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. What is Bowenwork?: A systematic review. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(11):1001-6, 2011.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Fair, J.M., Varady, A., Hlatky, M.A., Norton, L.C., Iribarren, C. & Fortmann, S.P. Is Ankle Brachial Index a Cost-Effective Screening Tool in Asymptomatic Older Adults? American Heart Journal 161(5): 979-985, 2011.

Nguyen, P,K., Terashima, M., Fair, J.M., Mahbouda, M., Varady A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Iribarren, C., Go, A.S., Haskell, W.L., Fortmann, S.P., & McConnell, M.V. Physical Activity in Older Subjects is Associated with Increased Coronary Vasodilation in the ADVANCE Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Imaging, 4(6): 622-629, 2011.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Fair, J.M., Haskell, W.L., Varady, A., Iribarren, C., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Validation of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey: Examining Psychological Factors and Physical Activity in Older Adults. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7: 87-94, 2010.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Newell, K., Cherin, R., Lee, M.J., King, A.C., & Haskell, W.L. Tai Chi versus Western Exercise on Physical and Cognitive Functioning in Health Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 18, 261-279, 2010.

Palaniappan, L.P., Araneta, M.R.G., Assimes, T.L., Barrett-Connor, E. L., Carnethon, M.R., Criqui, M.H., Fung, G.L., Narayan, M.V., Patel, H., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Wilson, P.W.F., Wong, N.D. Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans. A Science Advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation 122(12):1242-52, 2010.


Gardner, C.D., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Kiazand, A., Nicholus, J., Rigby, A.J., Farquhar, J.W. Effect of Ginkgo Biloba (EGb 761) on Treadmill Walking Time Among Adults with Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 28(4): 258-265, 2008.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: An updated meta-analysis. Medicine and Sport Science, 52: 40-53. In Tai Chi Chuan: State-of-the-Art in International Research (Y. Hong, Ed.), Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger AG, 2008.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Iribarren, C., Norton, L.C. Mahbouba, M., Fair, J.M., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Clinical Utility of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey in Men and Women with Early-Onset Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention 27(4): 227-232, 2007.

Lee, M.S., Pittler, M.H., Taylor-Piliae, R. & Ernst, E. Tai Chi for Cardiovascular Disease and its Risk Factors: Systematic Review. Journal of Hypertension, 25: 1974-1975, 2007.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher, E.S. Methods to Optimize Recruitment and Retention to an Exercise Study in Chinese Immigrants. Nursing Research, 56(2): 132-136, 2007.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., & Haskell, W.L. Tai Chi Exercise and Stroke Rehabilitation. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 14(4): 9-22, 2007.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Norton, L.C., Haskell, W.L., Mahbouba, M.H., Fair, J.M., Iribarren, C., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Validation of a New Brief Physical Activity Survey Among Men and Women Age 60-69 Years. American Journal of Epidemiology, 164(6): 598-606, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., & Froelicher, E.S. Hemodynamic Responses to a Community-based Tai Chi Exercise Intervention in Ethnic Chinese Adults with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 5(2): 165-174, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Stotts, N.A. & Froelicher, E.S. Improvements in Balance, Strength and Flexibility after 12-Weeks of Tai Chi Exercise in Ethnic Chinese Adults with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 12(2): 50-58, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Waters, C.M. & Froelicher, E.S. Change in Perceived Psychosocial Status following a 12-Week Tai Chi Exercise Programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54(3):313-329, 2006.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher E.S. Measurement Properties of Tai Chi Exercise Self-Efficacy among Ethnic Chinese with Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors: A Pilot Study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(4):287-294, 2004.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher, E.S. The effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: A meta-analysis. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing;19(1):48-57, 2004; republished Holistic Nursing Practice,18(5):254-263, 2004.


Chair, S.Y. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Lam G & Chan S. The effect of positioning on back pain experienced by Chinese patients after coronary angiography. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42(5), 470-478, 2003.

Holroyd, E.A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Twinn, S.F. Investigating Hong Kong's Filipino domestic workers' healthcare behavior, knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards cervical cancer and cervical screening. Women and Health, 38(1):69-82, 2003.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Chi as an adjunct to cardiac rehabilitation exercise training. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 23(2):90-96, 2003.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Chair, S.Y. The effect of nursing interventions utilizing music therapy or sensory information on Chinese patients' anxiety prior to cardiac catheterization: A pilot study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing,1:203-211, 2002.


Holroyd, E.A., Molassiotis, A. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Filipino domestic workers in Hong Kong: health related behaviors, health locus of control and social support. Women and Health, 33:181-205, 2001.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Molassiotis, A. An exploration of the relationships between uncertainty, psychological distress and type of coping strategy among Chinese men after cardiac catheterization. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 33:79-88, 2001.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Molassiotis, A. Psychometric evaluation of the Chinese version of Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Scale. Hong Kong Nursing Journal, 36:14-21, 2000.


Molassiotis, A., Holroyd, E. & Taylor-Piliae RE. Psychometric evaluation of the Chinese translation of the Profile of Mood States. Hong Kong Nursing Journal, 35:7-13, 1999.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Utilization of the Iowa Model in establishing evidence-based nursing practice. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing,15:357-362, 1999.


Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Establishing evidence-based practice: issues and implications in critical care nursing. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing,14:30-37, 1998.

Honors and Awards: 
Mathy Mezey Excellence in Aging Award, American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing Council
Distinguished Alumni Award, Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Extraordinary Faculty Award, University of Arizona Alumni Association
Tucson Fabulous 50 Nurse Award, Tucson Nurses Week Foundation
Stroke Article of the Year, American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing Council
Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association Annual Symposium, Winning Research Abstract Award
Suzanne Van Ort Peer Award for Graduate Teaching, College of Nursing, University of Arizona
Scientific Member, Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona
Fellow, American Heart Association Cardiovascular Nursing Council
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar
American Heart Association Scholarship, to attend the 2007 Physical Activity and Public Health Research Course
Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association Annual Symposium, 1st Place Poster Award
Richard B. Terry Postdoctoral Award, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University
American Heart Association, Travel Award to attend the 32nd Ten-Day Seminar on the Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, Travel Award to attend the North American Research Conference on Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Award, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association
National Dean's List
University of California, San Francisco, Graduate Student Research Award
Sigma Theta Tau, International Nursing Honor Society
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Chairman's Award for Outstanding Academic Achievement, Master of Nursing: Highest GPA in graduating class
Hong Kong Adventist Hospital, Award for Outstanding Achievement in Nursing
Institution/LocationDegreeAttendedField of Study
Stanford University, Stanford, CA
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Epidemiology
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA